DNA analysis has shown the elongated skulls of the Paracas people of Peru are not human. The two year study must be confirmed, but preliminary mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) shows neither commonality with contemporary humans nor Neanderthals and Denisovans. Paracas mtDNA differs from any hominid DNA yet known to science, those who elected skull elongation, such as Nazca neighbors and contemporary humans.

Elective skull elongation/deformation, though not common, occurred in Europe, Asia, Siberia, Melanesia, Polynesia, Central America, among the Chowtaw people of North America, and especially in Peru, among the Nazca from the late Bronze age until the 19th century. Until now, the Paracas peoples were believed to practice elective skull elongation. Morphological evidence suggests the Paracas skulls differ significantly from the neighboring Nazca people. The 3000 year old Paracas skulls (of which hundreds exist: many more than any other groups) have just one parietal plate. Contemporary humans and all other individuals with elongated skulls have two parietal plates joined by the parietal suture, which divides the skull into fused hemispheres above the corpus callosum. The Paracus skulls have no such suture: Paracas skullcaps are one piece rather than two skull plates fused together.

Skull elongation was performed as recently as the 19th Century in France, where, like all other elective skull elongations, pressure was applied to the skull with devices such as wooden contraptions or by head-wrapping. No one knows how skull elongation effects mental ability. Skull elongation was a status symbol. A child’s head was bound with cloth or fixed inside a wooden flattening device to reshape the skull, which is malleable like the moist clay of an earthenware pot. Though it is possible to reshape the skull relatively easily, it is not possible to change its cranial capacity. Paracas skulls differ from all other elongated skulls in this respect, as well, because they have 20% greater cranial volume than both other known elongated skulls and contemporary humans.

Due to the Paracas skulls’ consistently continuously round shape relative to other elongated skulls, their one-piece skullcap, and completely unknown mtDNA, one may surmise the skulls’ shape occurred naturally. The as-yet unnamed geneticist studying the skulls released a statement saying further DNA analysis is necessary to confirm the results. The Dallas, TX geneticist refuses to be identified so far, to avoid the inevitable deluge of queries about skulls’ possible alien origins. Such hypotheses are impossible to prove one way or the other because no confirmed alien DNA exists.

The Paracus skulls are both more numerous and older than any other groups’ elongated skulls, and a first round DNA analysis shows they are neither related to contemporary humans nor our hominid ancestors. By any conventional definition, notwithstanding further investigation, the individuals belonging to the elongated Paracas skulls are not, strictly speaking, human in any conventional sense.